Physical and Pharmacological Effects of Marijuana

Intro:
Cannabis is not only the most abused dubious drug in the us (Gold, Frost-Pineda, & Jacobs, 2004; NIDA, 2010) it is in fact the most mistreated illegitimate drug worldwide (UNODC, 2010). In the Combined States it is a schedule-I substance which means that it is officially considered as having no medical use and it is highly addictive (US DEA, 2010). Doweiko (2009) explains not all hashish has abuse potential. This individual therefore suggests using the common terminology marijuana when referring to cannabis with abuse potential. For the sake of clarity this terminology can be used in this paper as well. Florida Medical marijuana

Today, marijuana is at the forefront of international equipment debating the appropriateness of its widespread against the law position. In many Union areas it is now legalized for medical purposes. This trend is known as “medical marijuana” and is strongly congratulated by advocates while concurrently loathed harshly by adversaries (Dubner, 2007; Nakay, 3 years ago; Van Tuyl, 2007). It can be in this context it turned out decided to choose the topic of the physical and medicinal associated with marijuana for the basis on this research article. 

What is cannabis?
Marijuana is a vegetable more effectively called hashish sativa. As mentioned, some cannabis sativa plants do not have abuse potential and are called hemp. Hemp can be used widely for various fiber products including newspaper and artist’s special canvas. Cannabis sativa with misuse potential is what we call marijuana (Doweiko, 2009). It truly is interesting to take note that although widely studies for many years, there is also a lot that researchers can still do not know about marijuana. Neuroscientists and biologists really know what the consequence of pot are nonetheless they can still do not fully understand why (Hazelden, 2005).

Deweiko (2009), Gold, Frost-Pineda, & Jacobs (2004) point away that of approximately 4 hundred known chemicals found in the cannabis plants, analysts understand over sixty that are believed to have psychoactive effects on the human brain. The most popular and potent of these is??? -9-tetrahydrocannabinol, or THC. Like Hazelden (2005), Deweiko states that while we know many of the neurophysical effects of THC, the reasons THC produces these effects are unclear.

Neurobiology:
As a psychoactive substance, THC immediately influences the central worried system (CNS). It influences a massive range of neurotransmitters and catalyzes other biochemical and enzymatic activity as well. The CNS is stimulated when the THC activates specific neuroreceptors in the brain triggering the various emotional and physical reactions that will be expounded on more specifically further on. The sole substances that can activate neurotransmitters are chemicals that mimic chemicals that the mind produces normally. The fact that THC stimulates brain function educates scientists that the head has natural cannabinoid pain. It is still not clear why humans have natural cannabinoid receptors and how they work (Hazelden, june 2006; Martin, 2004). What we do know is that marijuana will stimulate cannabinoid receptors up to 20 times more actively than the body’s natural neurotransmitters ever could (Doweiko, 2009).

Possibly the biggest mystery of all is the romantic relationship between THC and the neurotransmitter serotonin. Serotonin pain are among the most stimulated by all psychoactive drugs, but most specifically alcohol and nicotine. Individual of marijuana’s relationship with the chemical, serotonin is already a bit understood neurochemical and its supposed neuroscientific roles of functioning and purpose are still generally hypothetical (Schuckit & Tapert, 2004). What neuroscientists have found definitively is that marijuana smokers have very high amounts of serotonin activity (Hazelden, 2005). I would hypothesize that it could be this relationship between THC and serotonin that explains the “marijuana maintenance program” of obtaining abstinence from alcoholic beverages and allows marijuana those that smoke to avoid painful disengagement symptoms and avoid yearnings from alcohol. The usefulness of “marijuana maintenance” for aiding alcohol abstinence is not scientific but is a phenomenon I have personally witnessed with numerous clients.

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